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Php7.3安装步骤

作者:admin | 点击: | 来源:admin
2402
2021
首先安装(安装过了就不用安装了): mysql:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_40200087/article/details/89479137 nginx:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_40200087/article/details/89504980 下载:https://www.php.net/downloads.php#v7.3.4 开发...

首先安装(安装过了就不用安装了):

mysql:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_40200087/article/details/89479137

nginx:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_40200087/article/details/89504980

下载:https://www.php.net/downloads.php#v7.3.4

开发工具:

yum groupinstall "Development Tools" -y
安装依赖:

yum install libxml2-devel -y

yum install bzip2 bzip2-devel -y

yum install curl-devel -y

yum install libjpeg-devel -y

yum install libpng libpng-devel -y

yum install freetype-devel -y

yum install libxslt-devel -y

yum install libzip-devel -y


或者合到一起安装
yum install libxml2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel curl-devel libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype-devel libxslt-devel libzip-devel -y
解压:

tar -zxvf php-xxx.tar.gz -C /usr/local/
进入到/usr/local 并修改名字

cd /usr/local

mv php-7.3.xxx php7.3
编译

cd /usr/local/php7.3

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-fpm-user=mysql --with-fpm-group=mysql --with-curl --with-freetype-dir --with-gd --with-gettext --with-iconv-dir --with-kerberos --with-libdir=lib64 --with-libxml-dir --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-openssl --with-pcre-regex --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd --with-mysql=mysqlnd --with-pdo-sqlite --with-pear --with-png-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-xmlrpc --with-xsl --with-zlib --with-bz2 --with-mhash --enable-fpm --enable-bcmath --enable-libxml --enable-inline-optimization --enable-mbregex --enable-mbstring --enable-opcache --enable-pcntl --enable-shmop --enable-soap --enable-sockets --enable-sysvsem --enable-sysvshm --enable-xml --enable-fpm
编译完成后是以下样子

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
| License: |
| This software is subject to the PHP License, available in this |
| distribution in the file LICENSE. By continuing this installation |
| process, you are bound by the terms of this license agreement. |
| If you do not agree with the terms of this license, you must abort |
| the installation process at this point. |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

Thank you for using PHP.

config.status: creating php7.spec
config.status: creating main/build-defs.h
config.status: creating scripts/phpize
config.status: creating scripts/man1/phpize.1
config.status: creating scripts/php-config
config.status: creating scripts/man1/php-config.1
config.status: creating sapi/cli/php.1
config.status: creating sapi/fpm/php-fpm.conf
config.status: creating sapi/fpm/www.conf
config.status: creating sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm
config.status: creating sapi/fpm/php-fpm.service
config.status: creating sapi/fpm/php-fpm.8
config.status: creating sapi/fpm/status.html
config.status: creating sapi/phpdbg/phpdbg.1
config.status: creating sapi/cgi/php-cgi.1
config.status: creating ext/phar/phar.1
config.status: creating ext/phar/phar.phar.1
config.status: creating main/php_config.h
config.status: executing default commands
configure: WARNING: unrecognized options: --with-mysql
安装:

make && make install
复制以下三个配置文件

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
设置php.ini

#注意:php的注释为 ; 如果设置前面有 ; ,请记得删除 ;
vim /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

max_execution_time = 300
max_input_time = 300
memory_limit = 128M
post_max_size = 16M
upload_max_filesize = 2M
date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai
测试php是否安装成功

/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -t
拷贝启动文件

cp /usr/local/php7.3/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm
赋予执行权限

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/php-fpm
启动

service php-fpm start
查询是否启动成功

ps -ef |grep php-fpm

root 27332 1 0 08:51 ? 00:00:00 php-fpm: master process (/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf)
mysql 27333 27332 0 08:51 ? 00:00:00 php-fpm: pool www
mysql 27334 27332 0 08:51 ? 00:00:00 php-fpm: pool www
root 27336 7898 0 08:51 pts/1 00:00:00 grep --color=auto php-fpm
配置 nginx可解析 .php文件

注意:fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; 端口与/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf 里面的listen = 127.0.0.1:9000 配置要一样,不然无法解析


vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf 修改server{} 这个里面的数据为:

listen 80;
server_name localhost;

access_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/host.access.log;
root /usr/local/nginx/html;
index index.html index.htm index.php;
location / {
try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
}


error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}

location ~ .php$ {
expires -1s;
try_files $uri =404;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi.conf;
}
测试是否解析成功:

在/usr/local/nginx/html中创建test.php,里面内容如下

phpinfo();
?>

执行 /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

浏览去输入 http://本机ip/test.php

如果打开网页了则解析成功,如果是下载,则解析失败
遇到一个错误:

执行测试的时候遇到

[root@jenkins-master etc]# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -t
PHP: syntax error, unexpected '=' in Unknown on line 1
[25-Apr-2019 08:36:28] ERROR: Unable to include /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf from /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf at line 23
[25-Apr-2019 08:36:28] ERROR: failed to load configuration file '/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf'
[25-Apr-2019 08:36:28] ERROR: FPM initialization failed



最后发现是我执行./configue 的时候后面配置文件有一个少了个空格,我已修改上面的配置

原因呢是因为 www.conf 里面的user配置错误

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